On August 5, 2014, the national distributed photovoltaic application demonstration site meeting was held in Jiaxing City, Flat met with the leaders and guests of various levels as the demonstration ap
National Energy Administration today held the national distributed photovoltaic power generation site meeting in Jiaxing City to promote Jiaxing City’s experience on distributed photovoltaic power generation. This means that since the “five-in-one” innovation comprehensive pilot work of photovoltaic industry have been developed from the end of 2012 (five-in-one means the photovoltaic industry base construction, technology innovation, business model innovation, smart power grid LAN construction and policy integrated innovation), the innovative practice of more than one year has been accepted by the national level. The innovation model of “government guidance, market operation and unified management” in Jiaxing City has effectively solved a series of difficulties in distributed photovoltaic power generation development, and the experience of Jiaxing should be learnt and promoted, and it has significant meaning on the accelerating the start-up of domestic photovoltaic market and optimizing the energy consumption structure. The staff writer has interviewed for several days and tried to figure out the tough ice-braking trip for one then one year of Jiaxing City.
In the extremely hot August, Jiaxing, which is located in the northern area of Zhejiang, received the season with longest average light application time of the year. The roof photovoltaic power station set up here enters into their “high yield period”. The 158Mw roof power station which has been combined to the grid shall reduce the power supply pressure in this coastal city which has to go though the situation of “meeting summer peaks” of each year.
If seen from the air, within the plane Jiaxing board, the photovoltaic modules installed on the dense roofs are arranged in order and sparking, they just like the chloroplast which can make the photosynthesis shall transform the luminous energy into electric energy, and they indicate the bright future of the clean energy application silently. Take innovation comprehensive pilot of “five-in-one” of photovoltaic industry in Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province on December 2012 as the starting point, Jiaxing City takes problems as the guidance to the reform and innovation, makes breakthroughs in many points, then it finds out a new way, which is the application driving the industry, the industry promoting the innovation, and the innovation pushing the development. Therefore, the distributed photovoltaic power generation, which has gone through so many tough barriers, has stepped into a bright future.
Entrusted with a mission at a critical and difficult moment, adversary layout
“From combined into grid on June 30, our roof power station’s generating capacity is nearly 1 million kWh.” Yuan Fei, the Executive Deputy Director of President Office of Flat Group, watched at the variable numbers on the display and gladly introduced. The 8.364MW photovoltaic distributed power generation project which was invested and constructed by them has not only remitted the electricity demand of the enterprise production, but also has a obvious effect on energy conservation and cost reducing.
Flat, which mainly produce the ultra-clear photovoltaic glass, is in the photovoltaic industry link. Yuan Fei said, “RMB 70 million invested into roof power station construction is the support to the distributed photovoltaic power generation promotion.” In the 2012 tough winner of photovoltaic industry, Flat was also affected a lot, but with the general development of domestic photovoltaic application market, the performance of which has been increased, and the sales amount keeps increasing.
In this tough winter, the Government of Zhejiang Province made a striking decision—to develop the innovation comprehensive pilots of “five-in-one” photovoltaic industry in Jiaxing City, and Jiaxing City planned to invest RMB 1 billion to construct a China Photovoltaic Technology City in Xiuzhou District with area of nearly 15 square kilometers so as to promote the distributed photovoltaic application. Such adversary layout was drawn a wide concentration.
“A universal consensus indicated in this action—the fundamental outlet of the photovoltaic industry is in opening the domestic end market.” The relevant principle of Economic and Information Technology Commission of the city analyzed. The measures of frequent issue of support policies, higher installed capacity goal, demonstration area setting up etc, have clearly indicated that the nation’s determination on developing the distributed photovoltaic power generation.
Zhejiang is a large province of photovoltaic production, and Jiaxing City, which has formed the industry advantages with one third total value of out-put of the province, is the best choice for developing the “five-in-one” innovation comprehensive pilot. Mao Guanglie, the Vice Governor of Zhejiang Province, pointed out that the Jiaxing City pilot shall achieve “five breakthoughs”, which are market breakthrough, technology breakthrough, smart power grid and equipment breakthrough, system integration industry breakthrough and policy environment breakthrough, so as to explore and form the policy model, application model and business model which are practical and propagable, so that the solar photovoltaic industry of Jiaxing, the whole province and the whole nation can achieve a sustainable and healthy development.
Entrusted with a mission at a critical and difficult moment and develop the pilot innovation, Jiaxing City has a arduous task. Before then, although the nation pushes hard and the enterprise expects willingly, the distributed photovoltaic power generation cannot be start up really due to the barriers from the market, elements, technology and systems.
“If there is no difficultly, then the pilot shall not be needed.” Zhang Lanyan said, the Deputy District Head of Xiuzhou District and the Vice Director of High-tech Zone Administrative Committee. He thought that the task of the pilot is to solve the problems with generality, and to form the series experiences. For this, Jiaxing City must keep problem guidance, reform and innovation and strive to break various barriers which restrict the distributed photovoltaic power generation application.
How to mobilize the enthusiasm of the investors? On the policy basis of RMB 0.42 for every kilowatt hour in distributed photovoltaic power generation, Zhejiang Province and Jiaxing City grant RMB 0.1subsidy for every kilowatt hour separately, and Xiuzhou District grants RMB 1/watt construction subsidy for the projects inside the high-tech zone.
Such policies have attracted many investment enterprises to take the projects. “High subsidy, fast returns on investment, we decided to enter in quickly after the investigation and survey.” Du Wenyuan said, the General Manager of CGN Solar Energy Development Co., Ltd. Jiaxing Company, they made a RMB 68 million investment on 8.93MW distributed photovoltaic power generation project of Landtop China, and the average electrovalence revenue is RMB 6.74 million, and the estimated pay back period is 6 years, but general distributed photovoltaic power stations need at least 8 years. In accordance with the contract energy management model, the owners of the roof can enjoy the electrovalence with 10% off and “green enterprise” assessment and bonus points etc. policies, and their enthusiasm has been motivated.
How to allocate the roof resources? “What roofs are applicable for the station construction? How to communicate with the roof owners? When we got to Jiaxing City firstly, we were confused.” Du Wenyuan said, one of the important restricting factors is the difficulty in selecting the roofs, if the investors investigate the roofs one by one, it shall be a waste of time and human resources. However, the “four unify” model of Jiaxing City, which are unified planning, unified purchasing and storage, unified standard and unified management, has solved the problem well. Concentrate selection of the photovoltaic high0tech zone has made the roof resources within the park mastered well, the installation agreements shall be signed with the roof owner in advance, and the planning shall be prepared so as to draw a detailed “operation map” for the fast arrangement of the distributed photovoltaic power generation projects. The management committee of the park makes mercerization as the main point, and the fairness shall be taken into account, and as the witness party, it shall sign the triple agreements with the roof owners and the investors, the allocation of linked pieces of “large” roofs and the dispersed “small” roofs and shall unify the roof lease and contract energy management standard, then the roof resources disorder competition can be avoided.” Xu Kaiping said, the Photovoltaic Application Office of the park.
After the completion of the photovoltaic power station, how the difficulties in operation and maintenance shall be solved? On July 1, in Zhejiang Dianteng Cloud Photovoltaic Technology Co., Ltd., which is located in Jiaxing City photovoltaic high-tech zone, a distributed power supply smart management and control system based on technologies such as the cloud computing and internet of things etc. was online for commissioning. With this system, the comprehensive condition and real-time negating capacity etc of 106 grid-connected power stations in various counties (cities and districts) of Jiaxing City can be clear as a glance. “Through the real-time monitoring on the operation condition of each power station, we can make operation maintenance on each power station in time.” Qi Shiqiang said, the General Manager of that company, as the third party professional operation and maintenance company introduced by photovoltaic high-tech zone, they shall be responsible for a series of services of the distributed photovoltaic power station, such as financing, operation, safety, measurement and information etc so as to effectively relieve the future worries of the investors and roof owners.
As for the financial support, new model of financing is explored; as for talent support, a lot of R&D platforms are constructed; as for technique breakthroughs, more than 200 patents are applied in recent two years and technical standards in series are formulated; as for management system, the management system of “1+5” photovoltaic power generation on roofs project is established; as for risk mechanism, insurance plans provided by famous insurance companies are actively introduced. The problem-oriented solution breaks through all obstacles, so the chain of distributed photovoltaic power generation market is formed and distributed photovoltaic power generation can be rapidly applied in Jiaxing last year. As of the end of July this year, installation of the photovoltaic power generation in the city has reached 260 MW and grid connection has reached 158 MW, which help the city become “Double Winners” in the province. The photovoltaic generating capacity in the city has reached 65.72 million KWH.
“Many difficulties sharing general characters in distributed photovoltaic power generation are broken through in Jiaxing and actual results are shown”, Wu Xinxiong, as Deputy Director of National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and Director general of the National Energy Administration (NEA) gave affirmation to the pilot work in Jiaxing when conducting special investigation in Jiaxing and expressed the meaning that experience in Jaixing can be reproduced and promoted.
Find opportunities in danger
The application gives great promotion to the industry development. Last year, photovoltaic industry in Jiaxing went out of the loss atmosphere and began to gain benefits. In the first half year this year, photovoltaic enterprises with certain scale in the city gained 9.459 billion Yuan as the main business income with 31.3% year-to-year growth and 0.32 billion Yuan as benefits with 9.3 times year-to-year growth. At the same time, obvious trend of clustering for photovoltaic enterprise in the city began to appear, the industry chain was complete as the time going by, meanwhile, leading enterprises such as ReneSola, Jinko Solar and Flat came forth.
“Distribution is the inevitable trend of the photovoltaic application. Once the bottleneck problem is solved, the market will be on demand like a blowout”, expressed by the General Manager of Jinko Solar—Chen Kangping. Jinko Solar has put a lot of efforts in developing photovoltaic power generation business and gained 50% as for income in the first half year this year on year-to-year growth. He hoped that the pilot at Jiaxing was just a beginning, because only big scale of distributed photovoltaic power generation can awake the domestic market more quickly. As for expansion of photovoltaic manufacturers to investment business of downstream power stations, transformation path of Jinko Solar is a representation for Jiaxing photovoltaic enterprises. At the same time, Jiaxing treat the pilot as an opportunity to conduct silent transformation from the big photovoltaic manufacturing city to the bid application city.
“New town, new energy, new life”—photovoltaic power, as an important clean energy, it has great potential in photovoltaic power generation. But each emerging industry with bright development prospect will step on a twisted road. Seeking opportunities in the winter of the industry, the Jiaxing pilot finally welcome new light of morning, but it just is a beginning. According to Xiao Peisheng—Deputy Secretary of the Municipal Party Committee and mayor, Jiaxing will continue to speed up the pilot innovation, optimize the application environment and strive to reach the goal of 500 MW of installed gross capacity for distributed photovoltaic power generation in the city in 2015 and 60 billion Yuan of total output value for all photovoltaic industry chain in the city in 2015, 100 billion Yuan in 2020.
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